Gem, Rock, and Mineral Postage Stamps From

Official Name: Federative Republic of Brazil
National Name: República Federativa do Brasil
Alternate Names: Brasil
Monetary Units: 1 cruzeiro (Cr$) = 100 centavos (c). On February 28, 1986, the cruzado was introduced at 1 cruzado (CR$) = 1,000 cruzeiros (Cr$). On January 15, 1989, the New cruzado was introduced at 1 New cruzado (NCZ$) = 100 centavos (c) = 1,000 cruzados (CR$). On March 16, 1990, the 1 cruzeiro (Cr$) = 100 centavos (c), replaced the New cruzado at the rate of one to one. On August 2, 1993, the cruzeiro real (cr) replaced the cruzeiro (Cr$) at the rate of 1,000 cruzeiro to 1 cruzeiro real. On July 1, 1994, the real (r) replaced the cruzeiro real (cr) at the rate of 2,750 cruzeiro real to 1 real (a rate par to the U.S. dollar on that date). Currently, 1 real (r) = 100 centavos (c).
Location: Eastern half of South America; bordered by French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, and Venezuela (north); Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia (west); Paraguay, Argentina, and Uruguay (south); Atlantic Ocean (east).
Mineral Resources: Bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum.

Brazil Scott 1537 Brazil Scott 1538 Brazil Scott 1539
Beryl (var. Emerald)
Scott 1537
1.30 cruzeiro
Scott 1538
1.30 cruzeiro
Beryl (var. Aquamarine)
Scott 1539
1.30 cruzeiro

This set of 3 stamps was issued on 19 Nov 1977
and shows faceted gemstomes.

Brazil Scott 2198 Brazil Scott 2199
Scott 2198
50 centavos
Quartz (var. Amethyst)
Scott 2199
1.50 new cruzado

This set of 2 stamps was issued on 12 Jul 1989
and shows rough and faceted gemstones. Philatelic Mineralogy Copyright © 1997-2010 by Richard Busch